Prof. dr Jowanka Jakubek-Lalik participated in the XXIV Conference of the Faculty of Law and Administration of the University of Warsaw, “New technologies as a source of challenges for the legal system in Poland”

31st of March, 2023.

The papers presented during the conference were focusing on:

– algorithms and artificial intelligence

– Blockchain

– Big Data

– Internet of Things

– digital transformation

– cybersecurity and cybercrime

– e-learning

– the so-called Social Credit System (Chinese: 社会信用体系)

– Ambient Intelligence.


Dr Jakubek-Lalik’s presentation was titled “Legal and practical challenges of the Internet of Things in the Polish public sector”. She argued that while private companies invest in IoT mainly due to the potential profits and greater technological attractiveness for consumers, the public sector focuses on using IoT to provide public services and better meet the individual and collective needs of citizens. The most common applications are, for example, the control of lighting, heating or water supply systems in smart cities. IoT is gaining more and more popularity in telecare and e-health services, as well as remote sensing in agriculture. Programmes using IoT can count on the support of European funds, and those implemented by local governments have a chance for co-financing from the state budget.

The conclusion of the presentation was that despite the growing popularity and financial support, IoT in the Polish public sector still encounters development barriers, both of a legal and practical nature. The most important challenge is to provide the security and data protection in the exchange of information between the users. Facilitating the handling and financing of R&D and PPP projects or systemic solutions that create incentives for the implementation of new technologies are the most important demands from suppliers of advanced IoT solutions. Therefore, it seems that the most important challenge for the future of IoT in the public sector is the skilful combination of public interest with understanding the business optics of new technologies.