Joseph Fitsanakis, Ph.D., is professor of Intelligence and Security Studies at Coastal Carolina University in the United States, where he also serves as director of the Intelligence Operations Command Center. He is a member of the Academic Security and Counter Exploitation program and manages Coastal Carolina University’s Educational Partnership Agreement with the United States National Security Agency. He also serves as regional vice president for the South Carolina chapter of the InfraGard Members Alliance, a Federal Bureau of Investigation initiative for the protection of the United States’ critical infrastructure. Dr. Fitsanakis has published widely on intelligence collection, information security, cyber security, and sub-state political violence, among other topics. He has also published comparative research on intelligence agencies in southern Europe, sub-Saharan Africa, and Southeast Asia, focusing on China and North Korea.